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GUIDE: Psyraps -2 BIG UPDATES- by Freakzter GUIDE: Psyraps -2 BIG UPDATES- by Freakzter
***latest changes - [link]




2 - I had been thinkin for months for a new psyrap eye that was unlike anything I was already seeing out there, but would also fit in with the story im working on and wouldnt be too "out there". In the eye section you can see the new eye design for psyrap. Its like a vertical slit with a pinhole in the middle, irises are still bioluminescent.

3 - the teeth! they were NOT changed however i had to EMPHASIZE the fact that the incisors/canines are SWITCHED AROUND! alot of ppl didnt seem to notice this difference.



-Tendrils give off a soft illumination where the markings are the lightest.

-Tail tufts have more form to them

-Females have longer, thinner tennas.

-The only tattoo-compatible areas are the ears, tail, and tendrils.


Available Linearts:
Visit the #PSYCHORAPTORS stock folder [link] for all available Psyrap linearts of varying age, pose, and subspecies.

Can I Make My Own Psychoraptor Character?
Yes, as long as u credit me by either linking to me or this refsheet, as well as sending me a link to your drawing so i can fave it.

Are psyraps dinosaurs?
NO. Adding fur and ears to a dinosaur and calling it a psyrap is the same as adding spots to a wolf and calling it a hyena. They are NOT the same and have significantly different anatomy.

Can I borrow parts to use as clip art for my non-psyrap artwork?
No, this is a bad idea. Once again, the psyrap anatomy may be similiar but it is NOT like wolves or hyenas or dinosaurs. You will look like a moron using the psyrap tooth layout as a reference for a wolf, or their foot design as a reference for a velociraptor! Please always look at PHOTOS for references!

Do psychoraptors have a specific breeding season or are they the type which breed whenever conditions are stable enough?
they have no specific breeding season

What are the chances that only a single pup will be born? Is there a remote chance that more than 2 pups will be born?
wild psyraps are more likely to give birth to 1 then to 3 (domestic psyraps give birth to more)

What is the average adult weight?
i cant really give a weight but it's definitely more than 100 pounds.

What is the max bite force of a psychoraptor
their bite force is probably stronger than a wolf but not more than a hyena, as they don't specialize in scavenging. they are however fully capable of supporting their entire body weight on their jaws alone.

If an adult fights and kills the Grip leader, does the Grip name remain the same or does it change to that of the new leader?
Yes, the name gets changed.

Do Psyraps name themselves? or do mothers/fathers/other familly members/Grip members?
They do not name themselves. They are usually named by the gripleader OR a sentient apex being (a human, for example.)

Can they have any coat, facial and tail markings? Are tongues patterned?
Basically the same "rules" apply to fan made psyraps, as do for "wolf" characters. They could technically be any marking or pattern, but only some could truly exist in the "real" world.

Can I get more help/details on naming my psyrap?
Psyrap names tend to be unrelated to their selfs, unlike other animals. Their name tends to be a "word salad," which is basically a somewhat random name that sounds like it's rational, but in fact have no real logic behind them. For example, "Escape Horizon", "Limited Rocks", and "Presses Sideways", OR a word where some of the letters have been switched around, such as "StopGopper" (Gobstopper), "Runsise" (Sunrise), and "Fantarm" (Antfarm).

What are the height averages (to the sholders) of a average psy-rap?
When on all fours, I would say their shoulders go up to about the average human hip area. Smaller ones about the thigh area and larger ones to the waist area. This would be for natural psyraps that appear in my novels. OC, personal psyraps can be of any height.

In anthromorphic form, do psyraps still use their feral voice box, or can they talk like humans?
I would say that is completely up to the individual character's owner, since everybody has a different view of what anthropomorphic truely is.

What are psyrap tongues like and why?
They are flat when relaxed but when stretched out beyond the mouth they gain a more conical shape near the tip, and they are very prehensile. Their is an inner tube that acts like a straw to aid in drinking liquid and feeding tiny offspring mouths. The purpose for these traits is because currently they use their tongues to help them camouflage with their surroundings when trying to ambush prey, since some of the fauna from their planet display "tongue like" adornments, or tendrils.

Why the name?
The term psychoraptor is actually their species nickname, not scientific name, which stuck after they where initially mislabeled as a raptor species (such as aardwolves or koala bears). "Psycho" comes from the sounds they make. The name also persisted since "psychoraptor" can be loosely translated to "mind thief," which matches not only the manner in which they hunt, but also the fact that they seem to fight over the brain matter of their prey.

(Feel free to ask me any questions about psychoraptors that havent been answered in the reference!

Very close samples of how psyraps sound:
"Under the Lotus" intro
Custom Sound 1
Custom Sound 2
Custom Sound 3
-more coming soon-
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Gerbsterpers Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
This is so awesome I can't even asdfgjkl;lskflkjaslkjf;aij
ZenarrausJ7 Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Okay I have to ask because I didn't even REALIZE this came from here, despite their being an artist name on the picture itself. But I adopted this… character on a site called Chickensmoothie, like on the forums it was placed as up for grabs. So I'm just wondering if that's an okay thing to do. I didn't even know it was a juvi version of this raptor and if this is an okay thing, can I draw it as the adult version or should I keep it as the juvi? Personally was having trouble drawing the juvi version and wouldn't mind trying out drawing the adult one. ^^;
I just wanted to make sure this was all in order before I start drawing things. I would of course link back to you on any images. :)
Freakzter Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Hi! Thanks for getting in contact with me :) 
I HAVE given people the OK to make adoptables out of the psyrap species as long as no real cash was being interchanged (and credits were not removed). So yes it is perfectly fine that you draw your psyrap as any age you wish. 
ZenarrausJ7 Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Awesome! Thank you. :la:
Minxies Featured By Owner Sep 28, 2013
late: but I might go ahead and make a char based off this species, it's interesting; and from the color spectrum I've seen displayed on other characters- this looks like it could be a LOT of fun to design!
Irony-the-godess Featured By Owner Jan 29, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
these guys are awesome!
Psyraps23 Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is an awesome species. I was wondering though, could this species, is it possible for them to mate with a Yez species?
GunsSmoke Featured By Owner Dec 7, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Just letting you know that I made myself one of these guys: [link] :)
AGloriousComeback Featured By Owner Nov 20, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
these are wonderful.
//plans on making one soon
Sprx777 Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2012
I might be late for this party, and my art skills might not do this any justice, but might I use this sheet of yours to help make a psychoraptor of my own? I love dinosaurs, and this just seems to appeal to me greatly. :)
RoseHeart1234 Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2012  Student Writer
Where did you get the idea for these guys? They are very well thought out, and very interesting!
dinobenten Featured By Owner May 25, 2012
sir do you have a template that people can use? i can't find one any where and some have the same design as if just recolored. may i have a template by any chance?
Sokolovo Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Wooo, I do want!
KylieSwiftrunner Featured By Owner Apr 12, 2012
whats ur rules on making a char for my self of this pritty beastie of urs
White--Swallow Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2012  Student General Artist
OMG i just want a baby that stats baby forever XD sooo cute!
Gwan-Thewi Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2012
Question. How do they feed the pups? I'm assuming it's from some form of regirgitation, but I'd hate to make an OC and be wrong.
ManiacalHomicide Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2012  Student Digital Artist
So gonna make my new sona one of these! Full credit will go to you obviously! :la:
Chilipper Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
...Can I make one? ;v;
Freakzter Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
RAWR-keikz Featured By Owner Dec 1, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
very awesome!!!!!!!!!!!!! i LOOOOVVEE velociraptors, they've been my favourite dinosaur since i was very young. so naturally, psyraps looking so like velraps (lol), i HAVE to fave this. unfortunately i have never been good AT ALL at drawing really any dino-like heads, so i have a lot lot lot of practice ahead of me. how could i not make my own one of these? do i make a link when i finally do? (prolly won't be for quite a while :P) i'm kinda techno-tarded. XD SUPER COOL AND UNIQUE GOOD JOB!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
kahvei Featured By Owner Nov 15, 2011  Professional Digital Artist
Do you oppose to people using these as their permanent character/fursona, as long as proper credit is given of course?
I would love to use one and possibly some day make a costume of one.
I tried making my own type of raptor but it just wasn't as cool lmao.
Freakzter Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
i dont mind that as long as people credit.
ItsKristennn Featured By Owner Aug 31, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I made one. :)
LawlxNinja Featured By Owner Aug 4, 2011
This is so awesome i can tell u put a lot of work and detail too it! i just lurv these creatures and ur creativity, u r one of my favorite artists on dA :D i think i might make one myself, i mean who could resist~

Oi wow! in the wild they only live 10 years but in captivity they live 30???? thats amazing

LEXUS121080 Featured By Owner May 30, 2011
Wow this is awesome XD
Annekewren Featured By Owner May 29, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
I find this very fascinating! I'm going to create a Psyrap character if you don't mind. I also have a few questions for you.
Dose the father take active interest in the whelps? What is the purpose of the tendrils? What kind of animals do they eat? How big is a newborn whelp? Do psyraps pair for life? Is a grip made up of one family (Like the wolf pack)? Sorry if I'm being to nosy, but I have a tendency to want to know everything about everything LOL.
Freakzter Featured By Owner May 30, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
In the original psyrap wilderness, the psyrap father will most likely not be a highly active part in a juveniles development. The purpose of the tendrils is for communication, since they have a limited ability to shift colors similar as a chameleon. They also help them blend in with their wild environment. They eat mostly small furry animals, but will also band together to hunt larger prey. They will also hunt and eat rival grips young. Domestic and city-psyraps are omnivorous. A newbown is probably about the size of a medium size dog breed puppy, but depends on the species of psyrap. They likely do not mate for life. A grip, at the moment, is loosely based on the spotted hyena clan.
I have a question! o u o

How long is the incubation period from conception to birth / Live birth or eggs?
Freakzter Featured By Owner May 29, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
I have not worked out those details yet.
Oh okay. I look forward to when you do / if you do. I really love psychoraptors and the amount of detail you put into them. They seem so real! I want to make some OCs but I'm no good at drawing animals with that type of facial structure so this should be GREAT practice. C:
JD-man Featured By Owner Apr 1, 2011
This is an updated version of 1 of my previous comments on page 11. In said comment, I discussed cooperative hunting, criticized Roach & Brinkman (I.e. R&B) 2007 ( [link] ), & made some book recommendations. However, I didn't know as much about cooperative hunting, R&B 2007, or good books then as I do now.

1stly, based on what I've read, there seem to be 3 levels of cooperative hunting (in order from least to most complex):
-2 or more individuals are genetically preprogrammed to regularly hunt together in a division of labor & share the prey they catch (E.g. The ants in quote 3).
-2 or more individuals learn to opportunistically hunt together & some catch prey missed by the others (E.g. The pelicans in quote 3).
-2 or more individuals learn to regularly hunt together in a division of labor & share the prey they catch (E.g. The lions in quote 3).

2ndly, after having read R&B 2007 itself (as opposed to 2ndary sources) in its entirety, I now know what's wrong w/it (in order of appearance):
-R&B claimed w/o supporting evidence that only a few raptors hunt in packs & those that do only hunt prey that individuals can kill alone, which is basically the opposite of what Ellis et al. claimed w/supporting evidence (See quotes 2 & 7). R&B probably knew about Ellis et al. 1993, given that they cited Bednarz 1995 (Bednarz co-authered Ellis et al. 1993), but chose to ignore it.
-R&B claimed that if lone Komodo dragons can kill prey 10x their size w/only their teeth, then so could lone Deinonychus w/both their teeth & claws. However, it's been known since at least 2005 that the former can kill said prey b/c they're venomous (See the 15th comment: [link] ).
-R&B claimed that the YPM 64-75 Deinonychus were all sub-adults. However, said Deinonychus "were all adults" (See "What Could Clump Raptors in Life?": [link] ). As indicated by quote 1, this has been known since at least 2003.
-R&B claimed that Bakker's lair sites were more likely kill sites despite the bones/sediments/lack of other predators suggesting otherwise (See quotes 4-5). Also, R&B claimed that the presence of both baby & adult tooth marks is coincidental despite the fact that "the baby shed teeth are always found with adult shed teeth" (See quote 4).
-Speaking of "coincidental", see quote 6.

3rdly, I'd still recommend "Raptor Pack" ( [link] ), but not "A Field Guide to Dinosaurs: The Essential Handbook for Travelers in the Mesozoic" ( [link] ) for anything other than the illustrations. As indicated by quote 8, the former gives the best idea of what eudromaeosaurids were like when alive AWA how we know what we know.

P.S. In reference to "1stly", only the most complex level of cooperative hunting counts as true pack hunting.

1 Quoting Bakker ( [link] ): "Those three or four adult Deinonychus we dug were probably a pack, a group from one species who hunted together."

2 Quoting Ellis et al. ( [link] ): "Highly developed cooperative hunting may be important for many raptors."

3 Quoting Gardom & Milner ( [link] ): "A surging army of soldier ants will make a concerted attack on a wasps' nest and destroy it with great efficiency. This is certainly co-operative, although the level of interaction it requires is pretty low. At a more complex level, pelicans fish together, and lions have complex techniques of encircling and stalking that may include several individuals operating as a highly organized team."

4 Quoting Levin ( [link] ): "Eventually, Bakker excavated 33 separate sites in Como Bluff. As digging proceeded, he started investigating a question that had long perplexed him: Did allosaur parents feed their young? "The books I grew up with said that the chicks of carnivorous dinosaurs had to catch prey all by themselves, the way baby crocodiles do," Bakker says. The teeth tell a different tale. Under the microscope, Bakker could see that baby allosaur teeth are miniature replicas of the adult teeth. To him, that similarity carries a significant message: "They ate the exact same thing—big hunks of meat. If baby allosaurs were feeding by themselves on little things, they'd need different teeth." Sure enough, bones of prey exhibit both baby and adult tooth marks. Equally important, the baby shed teeth are always found with adult shed teeth, implying that adult and child were eating in the same place. The family that shed together, fed together.
In similar fashion, Bakker concluded that allosaurs maintained guarded lairs where they ate and protected their young until they were fully grown. As Bakker uses the term, lair means not a nest or a den but a feeding area, potentially something as simple as a shaded spot on the plain. These sites contain abundant allosaur shed teeth mingled with bones from giant herbivores' meaty parts, such as the rump, thigh, and upper tail. Feet, which offered less nourishment, are missing. The sediments at these sites are fine-grained, meaning they were deposited by slow-moving water. "These carcasses didn't wash in," Bakker says. "It looks like somebody dragged them in.""

5 Quoting Levin ( [link] ): "Piled with pungent carcasses, lairs almost certainly would have attracted other predators, hoping to poach some food or make a meal of the vulnerable babies. But the sites that are rich in allosaur teeth do not contain shed teeth from other predators, Bakker found. Evidently, the beasts maintained good security. Teeth from all growth stages appear together in these lairs, hinting that allosaurs, like modern hawks and eagles, maintained extended families in which older siblings sometimes helped their parents raise the next generation."

6 Quoting Li et al. (See "Behavior" under "Discussion": [link] ): "Roach and Brinkman (2007) proposed that trackway data previously presented in support of gregarious nonavian theropods are perhaps better interpreted as coincidental instances of normally solitary individuals converging on a common point (e.g., food source). While we agree that some footprint associations may have been misinterpreted as gregarious, many convincing examples remain (see Lockley and Matsukawa (1999) for review). Group behavior more parsimoniously explains their numbers and diversity through the Mesozoic than does postulating that all such occurrences coincidentally represent parallel trackway segments of otherwise divergent trackways."

7 Quoting Stevens ( [link] ): "Dr. Ellis and his colleagues speculate that when raptors hunt alone, they will not even try to capture prey that they know can be captured only through teamwork; it is not worth the expenditure of energy. But bigger game or the quicker capture resulting from group efforts can make the expenditure worthwhile."

8 "Raptors. Kick-boxing pack hunters who could slice open a veggie-saur with a single stroke. Tree-climbing cannibals who fed their babies the way eagles feed their chicks. Says who? Scientists. Bone sleuths. Follow them as they read rocks and fossils and study modern predators to figure out "who did what, where, and how?" during the Age of Dinosaurs" (See "Back Cover": [link] ).
Gwan-Thewi Featured By Owner Mar 28, 2011
I have to have one! I'll link when I'm done!
JD-man Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2011
I've been meaning to ask the following since you posted the updates: Are Psyrap tongues still conical (like they were in the original Ref Sheet) or flat (like the tongues of Earth's carnivores); Are Psyrap tongues still prehensile (like they were in the original Ref Sheet); & what are Psyrap tongues for (eating/drinking/grooming/showing affection/etc)?

Also, many thanks for taking my advice about Psyrap claws. It makes me feel appreciated.
Freakzter Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
They are flat when relaxed but when stretched out beyond the mouth they gain a more conical shape near the tip, and they are still prehensile. The purpose for these traits is because currently they use their tongues to help them camouflage with their surroundings when trying to ambush prey, since some of the fauna from their planet display "tongue like" adornments, or tendrils.
JD-man Featured By Owner Mar 25, 2011
If I'm understanding you correctly, then you're saying that Psyraps blend in w/some of their prey by standing around w/their tongues hanging out & curled up like tendrils, right (If not, then please correct me)? Also, does that mean that Psyraps don't use their tongues for either grasping (that's what I originally figured they were for based on Freak grasping beers w/his in several pics) or anything that Earth's carnivores use their tongues for (eating/drinking/grooming/showing affection/etc)?
Freakzter Featured By Owner Mar 25, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
They could use it for grasping light objects but it would not be necessary for survival considering they have well adapted hand-like front paws (sort of like a raccoon).
JD-man Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2011
That reminds me of some other questions I have: What do Psyraps use their front paw dewclaws for (I originally figured tripping some of their prey during high-speed chases ALA cheetahs); Can they protract their front paw claws ALA cats; & are said claws thick/round in cross-section ALA raptor birds (for grasping prey) or thin/blade-like ALA cats (for grasping & slashing prey)?

Also, the Psyrap tongue stuff made me wonder: Since Psyraps can't lap up water ALA Earth's carnivores, how do they drink; Is it safe to assume that they use their claws & teeth to groom if not their tongues; & how do Psyraps show affection if not by licking?
Freakzter Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Their front dewclaws are currently somewhat used for digging out smaller prey from burrows. Their claws are not retractable. The claws are somewhat of a mix between a large flightless birds, and a canine. They are thick and strong.
I have contemplated giving their tongues an inner tube so they work similar to straws. They would use their teeth for grooming, prolly not claws so much, and tongue is not out of the question as a tool for showing affection. They would also use nudging heads, necking, and intertwining tails.
JD-man Featured By Owner Mar 27, 2011
If the front paw claws curve up, then how do they grasp prey w/out being protractable?

I like your tongue tube idea. It's very unique. I also like your intertwining tails idea (partly b/c I thought of it independently, but wasn't sure if it was a good 1 'til now).

Some other stuff I was wondering: What's the full scientific name of the "Psychoraptor" (which I figured is either its common name or its genus name); When kicking at rivals w/their back paw dewclaws, do they have to jump or can they lean back on their tails ALA kangaroos; What's the psychoraptized version of "Jose" or "Jerk"; & am I understanding the "grips" & "mating" info correctly in thinking that adult females & their young live in grips while adult males are nomadic loners (If not, then please correct me)?
Freakzter Featured By Owner Mar 28, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Theirs claws dont curve up, they have a normal curve such as dogs do. Their main way of grasping prey is however with their mouths.

The term psychoraptor is actually their species nickname, which stuck after they where initially mislabelled as a raptor species (such as aardwolves or koala bears). "Psycho" comes from the sounds they make. The name also persisted since "psychoraptor" can be loosely translated to "mind thief," which matches not only the manner in which they hunt, but also the fact that they seem to fight over the brain matter of their prey.

They cannot lean back on their tails. I cant really tell you the psychoraptorized version of single words. And realistically males would have to leave a grip after a certain age to avoid inbreeding. They can join other grips or become nomadic.
(1 Reply)
Alphonse-Our-Butler Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2011
Alright, I finished the ref for my Psyrap, mostly.
I still have a few kinks to work to make it more psyrapish but this is what i have: [link]

And i gave you 100% credit as well.
PhoenixPelt7-cat Featured By Owner Feb 22, 2011  Student General Artist
May I make one? Don't worry about credit, it shall be there.

Oh, and by the way, would DismalWind be an Ok name? I'm not sure...
Freakzter Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
yes and yes.
EichiroHime Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011
May I make one? o3o I'll be sure to credit you :meow:
Freakzter Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Microa1227 Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2011
This is probably a stupid question; but can their fur be natural colours like brown and such without other colours like pink? If ya know what I mean ^^;
Freakzter Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
By default, psyraps are naturally colored (for example, when they appear in their originating graphic novel, they are usually only one or two colors, and definitely not pink or neons lol). However, the coloration of customized/personal psyraps is up to the individual artist and their tastes/preferences.
Microa1227 Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2011
Ah, ok thanks for clearing that up ^^

And by the way; I made myself one: [link]
BrassYumiru Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
is my cute psyrap...
sorry... my english is bad..

im speak only spanish
Raptorboy101 Featured By Owner Jan 17, 2011
Considering I love Raptors I was attracted to your original and never before seen design. The ideas you have come up with are absolutely astonishing and awesome, quite intriguing. I would try to do one of these but honestly I am too damn lazy to try it, I'll stick to what I've got. But seriously, awesome work dude, love it.
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